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macOS / OS X Privacy Settings

Article ID = 190
Article Title = macOS / OS X Privacy Settings
Article Author(s) = Graham Needham (BH)
Article Created On = 13th July 2017
Article Last Updated = 20th July 2017
Article URL = http://www.macstrategy.com/article.php?190

Article Brief Description:
How to configure basic macOS / OS X privacy settings and options

Privacy Settings And Recommendations for macOS / OS X

This article is meant as a primer for basic privacy settings that you might want to review/set as desired. There are more in-depth processes and options for those that like to wear tinfoil hats.

macOS / OS X

Click on the version of macOS that you have installed for settings you might want to turn on/off:
Q. How can I tell which version of macOS / OS X / Mac OS X I am running?
A. Go to Apple menu (top left) > About This Mac > check the version reported for macOS / OS X / Mac OS X.

macOS 10.12

Go to Apple menu > System Preferences >
  • General > UNTICK "Allow Handoff between this Mac and your iCloud devices" (only Macs that support "Handoff")
  • Mission Control > set 'Dashboard' to "Off"
  • Security & Privacy >
    • Firewall tab > if the 'Firewall' is Off click "Turn On Firewall"
    • Privacy tab > click 'Location Services' on the left > either UNTICK "Enable Location Services" or set them as required
    • Privacy tab > click 'Contacts' on the left > set which applications you want to be able to access your Contacts
    • Privacy tab > click 'Calendars' on the left > set which applications you want to be able to access your Calendars
    • Privacy tab > click 'Reminders' on the left > set which applications you want to be able to access your Reminders
    • Privacy tab > click 'Accessibility' on the left > set which applications you want to be able to control your computer
    • NOTE: If you use Dropbox you may see Dropbox listed here - read more about this potential security and privacy issue here.
    • Privacy tab > click 'Analytics' on the left > UNTICK all listed options on the right
  • Spotlight > Search Results tab > in the 'Only selected categories will appear in Spotlight search results' list UNTICK "Spotlight Suggestions"
  • Spotlight > Search Results tab > UNTICK "Allow Spotlight Suggestions in Look up"
  • Keyboard > Text tab > UNTICK "Touch Bar typing suggestions" (only Macs that have a "Touch Bar")
  • Keyboard > Dictation tab > set 'Dictation' to "Off"
  • iCloud > if required, don't use cloud services and if an account is signed in, click the "Sign Out" button
  • Bluetooth > if 'Bluetooth' is On click "Turn Bluetooth Off"
  • Sharing > if required, don't use sharing services and UNTICK all listed options on the left
  • Siri > UNTICK "Enable Siri" (only Macs that support "Siri")

OS X 10.11

Go to Apple menu > System Preferences >
  • General > UNTICK "Allow Handoff between this Mac and your iCloud devices" (only Macs that support "Handoff")
  • Mission Control > set 'Dashboard' to "Off"
  • Security & Privacy >
    • Firewall tab > if the 'Firewall' is Off click "Turn On Firewall"
    • Privacy tab > click 'Location Services' on the left > either UNTICK "Enable Location Services" or set them as required
    • Privacy tab > click 'Contacts' on the left > set which applications you want to be able to access your Contacts
    • Privacy tab > click 'Calendars' on the left > set which applications you want to be able to access your Calendars
    • Privacy tab > click 'Reminders' on the left > set which applications you want to be able to access your Reminders
    • Privacy tab > click 'Accessibility' on the left > set which applications you want to be able to control your computer
    • NOTE: If you use Dropbox you may see Dropbox listed here - read more about this potential security and privacy issue here.
    • Privacy tab > click 'Diagnostics & Usage' on the left > UNTICK all listed options on the right
  • Spotlight > Search Results tab > in the 'Only selected categories will appear in Spotlight search results' list UNTICK "Bing Web Searches"
  • Spotlight > Search Results tab > UNTICK "Allow Spotlight Suggestions in Spotlight and Look up"
  • iCloud > if required, don't use cloud services and if an account is signed in, click the "Sign Out" button
  • Bluetooth > if 'Bluetooth' is On click "Turn Bluetooth Off"
  • Sharing > if required, don't use sharing services and UNTICK all listed options on the left
  • Dictation & Speech > set 'Dictation' to "Off"

OS X 10.10

Go to Apple menu > System Preferences >
  • General > UNTICK "Allow Handoff between this Mac and your iCloud devices" (only Macs that support "Handoff")
  • Mission Control > set 'Dashboard' to "Off"
  • Security & Privacy >
    • Firewall tab > if the 'Firewall' is Off click "Turn On Firewall"
    • Privacy tab > click 'Location Services' on the left > either UNTICK "Enable Location Services" or set them as required
    • Privacy tab > click 'Contacts' on the left > set which applications you want to be able to access your Contacts
    • Privacy tab > click 'Calendars' on the left > set which applications you want to be able to access your Calendars
    • Privacy tab > click 'Reminders' on the left > set which applications you want to be able to access your Reminders
    • Privacy tab > click 'Accessibility' on the left > set which applications you want to be able to control your computer
    • NOTE: If you use Dropbox you may see Dropbox listed here - read more about this potential security and privacy issue here.
    • Privacy tab > click 'Diagnostics & Usage' on the left > UNTICK all listed options on the right
  • Spotlight > Search Results tab > in the 'Only selected categories will appear in Spotlight search results' list UNTICK "Bing Web Searches"
  • Spotlight > Search Results tab > UNTICK "Allow Spotlight Suggestions in Look up"
  • iCloud > if required, don't use cloud services and if an account is signed in, click the "Sign Out" button
  • Bluetooth > if 'Bluetooth' is On click "Turn Bluetooth Off"
  • Sharing > if required, don't use sharing services and UNTICK all listed options on the left
  • Dictation & Speech > set 'Dictation' to "Off"

OS X 10.9

Go to Apple menu > System Preferences >
  • Security & Privacy >
    • Firewall tab > if the 'Firewall' is Off click "Turn On Firewall"
    • Privacy tab > click 'Location Services' on the left > either UNTICK "Enable Location Services" or set them as required
    • Privacy tab > click 'Contacts' on the left > set which applications you want to be able to access your Contacts
    • Privacy tab > click 'Calendars' on the left > set which applications you want to be able to access your Calendars
    • Privacy tab > click 'Reminders' on the left > set which applications you want to be able to access your Reminders
    • Privacy tab > click 'Accessibility' on the left > set which applications you want to be able to control your computer
    • NOTE: If you use Dropbox you may see Dropbox listed here - read more about this potential security and privacy issue here.
    • Privacy tab > click 'Diagnostics & Usage' on the left > UNTICK all listed options on the right
  • iCloud > if required, don't use cloud services and if an account is signed in, click the "Sign Out" button
  • Bluetooth > if 'Bluetooth' is On click "Turn Bluetooth Off"
  • Sharing > if required, don't use sharing services and UNTICK all listed options on the left
  • Dictation & Speech > set 'Dictation' to "Off"

OS X 10.8

Go to Apple menu > System Preferences >
  • Security & Privacy >
    • Firewall tab > if the 'Firewall' is Off click "Turn On Firewall"
    • Privacy tab > click 'Location Services' on the left > either UNTICK "Enable Location Services" or set them as required
    • Privacy tab > click 'Contacts' on the left > set which applications you want to be able to access your Contacts
    • Privacy tab > click 'Diagnostics & Usage' on the left > UNTICK all listed options on the right
  • iCloud > if required, don't use cloud services and if an account is signed in, click the "Sign Out" button
  • Bluetooth > if 'Bluetooth' is On click "Turn Bluetooth Off"
  • Sharing > if required, don't use sharing services and UNTICK all listed options on the left
  • Dictation & Speech > set 'Dictation' to "Off"

OS X 10.7

Go to Apple menu > System Preferences >
  • Security & Privacy >
    • Firewall tab > if the 'Firewall' is Off click "Turn On Firewall"
    • Privacy tab > UNTICK "Send diagnostic & usage data to Apple"
    • Privacy tab > either UNTICK "Enable Location Services" or set them as required
  • iCloud > if required, don't use cloud services and if an account is signed in, click the "Sign Out" button
  • Bluetooth > if 'Bluetooth' is On click "Turn Bluetooth Off"
  • Sharing > if required, don't use sharing services and UNTICK all listed options on the left

Mac OS X 10.6

Go to Apple menu > System Preferences >
  • Security > Firewall tab > if the 'Firewall' is Off click "Turn On Firewall"
  • MobileMe > no longer supported - don't login
  • Bluetooth > if 'Bluetooth' is On click "Turn Bluetooth Off"
  • Sharing > if required, don't use sharing services and UNTICK all listed options on the left

All Versions Of macOS / OS X

The following should be considered regardless of which version of macOS / OS X you are using:

Apple ID Related Services

  • Contacts / Address Book
  • Calendars / iCal
  • FaceTime
  • iBooks
  • iCloud
  • iTunes
  • Maps
  • Messages / iChat
  • Notes
  • Photos/iPhoto
All Apple ID related services will, by their nature, phone home/contact/upload information to Apple and possibly synchronise data in the cloud.

Track/Stop Outgoing Network Connections

There are more in-depth processes and options for those that like to wear tinfoil hats.

Secure Email

Make sure your email service(s) for both incoming and outgoing (SMTP) servers use a secure (SSL) type connection - check the accounts section of your preferred email software application where there will usually be a "Use SSL to connect" option. You could also consider encrypted emails.

Large Corporations

Large corporations (including Apple) like to know as much as they can about you and some will actively track you:
  • Apple - privacy statement
  • Amazon - .com Privacy Notice
  • Alphabet aka Google - take control but watch out, Google owns lots of things and are probably joining the dots across all their services:
    • Google - the search engine
    • YouTube
    • Google Mail (Gmail)
    • Google Maps
    • Android (mobile operating system)
    • Google Docs
    • Blogger
    • AdSense
    • DeepMind
    • Google Analytics
    • Google Earth
    • Google Fiber
    • Google Glass
    • Google+
    • Hangouts
    • Nest
    • Google Photos / Picasa
    • reCaptcha
    • Google Shopping
    • Google Translate
    • Google Voice
    • Google Wallet
  • Facebook - Basic Privacy Settings & Tools but watch out, Facebook owns lots of things and are probably joining the dots across all their services:
    • Instagram
    • WhatsApp
    • Oculus VR
    • Lightbox.com
    • Friend.ly
    • Face.com
    • Faciometrics
  • Microsoft - Privacy at Microsoft but watch out, Microsoft owns lots of things and are probably joining the dots across all their services:
    • Bing
    • Skype
    • LinkedIn
    • Expedia
    • TouchType, Ltd. (SwiftKey)
    • LinkExchange
    • Teleo
    • Yammer
    • Nokia

Social Media

Seriously consider whether you want to use "social media" as all social media services, by their nature, track you and in some cases track/post your location. This could include any of the following:
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • Instagram
  • Pinterest
  • Google+
  • LinkedIn

Cloud Services

Seriously consider whether you want to store any data in the "cloud" as all cloud services, by their nature, upload information to the service provider. This could include any of the following:

Data Storage

  • Apple iCloud
  • Backing up your iOS device to iCloud rather than locally via iTunes, means that some data that is normally inaccessible - such as end-to-end encrypted iMessages - will be accessible on Apple's servers via normal legal means
  • Dropbox
  • Google Drive
  • Microsoft OneDrive

Data Synchronisation

  • Apple iCloud
  • Third-party web browser synchronisation services

Audio/Video Streaming

  • Amazon Instant Video
  • Amazon Prime
  • Apple iTunes Store
  • Apple Music
  • Crackle
  • Deezer
  • Funny Or Die
  • Google Play
  • Groove Music
  • Hulu
  • Napster
  • Netflix
  • Pandora
  • Playstation Vue
  • Sirius XM
  • Sling Orange
  • Spotify
  • Tidal
  • Twitch
  • Vevo
  • YouTube Red
  • YouTube
Streaming services tend to track you and your location and log what you do and watch/listen to as a standard part of the "service".

Cloud Based/Subscription Services

  • Backups
  • Password vaults
  • Software subscriptions
  • Amazon Prime
  • Adobe Creative Cloud
  • Microsoft Office 365

Adobe Flash

We strongly recommend removing Adobe Flash but if you insist on having it installed make sure you have configured the privacy settings: Go to Apple menu > System Preferences > Flash Player >
  • Storage tab > under 'Local Storage Settings' set "Block all sites from storing information on this computer" and click the "Delete All…" button
  • Camera and Mic tab > under 'Camera and Microphone Settings' set "Block all sites from using the camera and microphone"
  • Updates tab > under 'Updates' set "Allow Adobe to install updates (recommended)"

Third Party Web Browsers

Check privacy settings, use private browsing if desired and use the Do Not Track feature if supported. Click on the web browser that you are using:
Apple Safari
  • [Private Browsing] Go to File menu > New Private Window [or press Command+Shift+N]
  • Go to Safari menu > Preferences… > Search > set 'Search Engine' to "DuckDuckGo"
  • Go to Safari menu > Preferences… > Search > UNTICK "Include search engine suggestions"
  • Go to Safari menu > Preferences… > Search > UNTICK all items for "Smart Search Field:"
  • Go to Safari menu > Preferences… > Privacy > set "Cookies and website data:" as required
  • Go to Safari menu > Preferences… > Privacy > set "Website use of location services:" as required
  • [Do Not Track] Go to Safari menu > Preferences… > Privacy > TICK "Website tracking: Ask websites not to track me"
  • Go to Safari menu > Preferences… > Notifications > UNTICK "Allow websites to ask for permission to send push notifications"
Google Chrome
  • [Private Browsing] Go to File menu > New Incognito Window [or press Command+Shift+N]
  • Go to Chrome menu > Preferences… > Search Engine > click "Manage search engines" > click "ADD" to the right of 'Other search engines' > enter the following details:
    • Search engine = DuckDuckGo
    • Keyword = duckduckgo.com
    • URL with %s in place of query = https://duckduckgo.com/?q=%s
    • Click "ADD"
    • Under 'Other search engines' where your "DuckDuckGo" entry is now listed click on the three vertical dots icon to the right and select "Make default"
  • Go to Chrome menu > Preferences… > click "Advanced ↓" > configure the settings under 'Privacy and Security' as required e.g.
    • Switch OFF "Use a prediction service to help complete searches and URLs typed in the address bar"
    • Switch OFF "Use a prediction service to load pages more quickly"
    • Switch OFF "Automatically send usage statistics and crash reports to Google"
    • [Do Not Track] Switch ON "Send a "Do Not Track" request with your browsing traffic
    • Switch OFF "Use a web service to help resolve spelling errors"
Chromium
  • [Private Browsing] Go to File menu > New Incognito Window [or press Command+Shift+N]
  • Go to Chromium menu > Preferences… > Search Engine > click "Manage search engines" > click "ADD" to the right of 'Other search engines' > enter the following details:
    • Search engine = DuckDuckGo
    • Keyword = duckduckgo.com
    • URL with %s in place of query = https://duckduckgo.com/?q=%s
    • Click "ADD"
    • Under 'Other search engines' where your "DuckDuckGo" entry is now listed click on the three vertical dots icon to the right and select "Make default"
  • Go to Chromium menu > Preferences… > click "Advanced ↓" > configure the settings under 'Privacy and Security' as required e.g.
    • Switch OFF "Use a prediction service to help complete searches and URLs typed in the address bar"
    • Switch OFF "Use a prediction service to load pages more quickly"
    • [Do Not Track] Switch ON "Send a "Do Not Track" request with your browsing traffic
Mozilla Firefox
  • [Private Browsing] Go to File menu > New Private Window [or press Command+Shift+N]
  • Go to Firefox menu > Preferences… > Search > set 'Default Search Engine' to "DuckDuckGo"
  • Go to Firefox menu > Preferences… > Search > UNTICK "Provide search suggestions"
  • [Do Not Track] Go to Firefox menu > Preferences… > Privacy > TICK "Use Tracking Protection in Private Windows" + click "manage your Do Not Track settings" and TICK "Always apply Do Not Track"
  • Go to Firefox menu > Preferences… > Advanced > Data Choices tab > UNTICK "Enable Firefox Health Report" + UNTICK "Allow Firefox to send backlogged crash reports on your behalf"
iCab
  • [Private Browsing] Go to View menu > select "Private Mode" so that it is TICKED
  • [Do Not Track] Go to iCab menu > Preferences… > Network icon > set 'Do-Not-Track' to "Opt-Out (User wishes not to be tracked)"
  • Go to iCab menu > Preferences… > Network icon > set 'Send HTTP Referrer:' to "Never"
  • Go to iCab menu > Preferences… > Cookies icon > set as required
  • Go to iCab menu > Preferences… > Searches icon > set 'Search Suggestions' to "Off"
Omniweb
  • TO BE CONFIRMED
Opera
  • [Private Browsing] Go to File menu > New Private Window [or press Command+Shift+N]
  • Go to Opera menu > Preferences… > TICK "Show advanced settings" (bottom left) > click "Basic" on the left > under 'Block ads' TICK "Block ads and surf the web up to three times faster"
  • Go to Opera menu > Preferences… > TICK "Show advanced settings" (bottom left) > click "Basic" on the left > under 'Cookies' set as required
  • Go to Opera menu > Preferences… > TICK "Show advanced settings" (bottom left) > click "Browser" on the left > under 'Search' set search engine to "DuckDuckGo"
  • Go to Opera menu > Preferences… > TICK "Show advanced settings" (bottom left) > click "Browser" on the left > under 'Start page' UNTICK "Show Speed Dial suggestions"
  • Go to Opera menu > Preferences… > TICK "Show advanced settings" (bottom left) > click "Websites" on the left > set 'Location' to "Do not allow any site to track my physical location"
  • Go to Opera menu > Preferences… > TICK "Show advanced settings" (bottom left) > click "Websites" on the left > set 'Microphone' to "Do not allow sites to access my microphone"
  • Go to Opera menu > Preferences… > TICK "Show advanced settings" (bottom left) > click "Websites" on the left > set 'Camera' to "Do not allow sites to access my camera"
  • Go to Opera menu > Preferences… > TICK "Show advanced settings" (bottom left) > click "Privacy & Security" on the left > under 'Privacy' set as required e.g.
    • UNTICK "Use a prediction service to help complete searches and URLs typed in the address bar"
    • UNTICK "Help improve Opera by sending feature usage information"
    • UNTICK "Automatically send crash reports to Opera"
    • [Do Not Track] TICK "Send a 'do not track' request with your browsing traffic"
    • UNTICK "Fetch images for suggested sources in News, based on history"
  • Go to Opera menu > Preferences… > TICK "Show advanced settings" (bottom left) > click "Privacy & Security" on the left > TICK/TURN ON the "VPN" service if required - check the 'Terms of Service'
Seamonkey
  • [Private Browsing] Go to File menu > New > Private Window [or press Command+Shift+B]
  • Go to Seamonkey menu > Preferences… > select 'Browser > Internet Search' on the left > under 'Default Search Engine' set 'Search using' to "DuckDuckGo"
  • [Do Not Track] Go to Seamonkey menu > Preferences… > select 'Privacy & Security' on the left > under 'User Tracking' TICK "Tell web sites that I do not want to be tracked" + TICK "Prevent tracking activities by known sites"
  • Go to Seamonkey menu > Preferences… > select 'Privacy & Security' on the left > set 'Location Aware Browsing' to "Disable this feature and deny all requests"
  • Go to Seamonkey menu > Preferences… > select 'Privacy & Security > Cookies' on the left > set as required
  • Go to Seamonkey menu > Preferences… > select 'Advanced' on the left > under 'Crash Reporter' UNTICK "Submit crash reports"
Maxthon
  • TO BE CONFIRMED
Yandex
  • [Private Browsing] Go to File menu > New Incognito Window [or press Command+Shift+N]
  • Go to Yandex menu > Preferences > Extensions tab > turn ON "Antishock" + "Flash content blocking" + "Adguard" as required
  • Go to Yandex menu > Preferences > Settings tab > Appearance > UNTICK "Show Zen - your personal recommendations feed – in new open tabs"
  • Go to Yandex menu > Preferences > Settings tab > Search > set to "DuckDuckGo"
  • Go to Yandex menu > Preferences > Settings tab > Search > UNTICK "Show site preview next to Yandex search results in the same tab"
  • Go to Yandex menu > Preferences > Settings tab > click "Show advanced settings" (at the bottom) > Privacy > click "Content settings" > set 'Cookies' as required
  • Go to Yandex menu > Preferences > Settings tab > click "Show advanced settings" (at the bottom) > Privacy > UNTICK "Use search suggestions"
  • Go to Yandex menu > Preferences > Settings tab > click "Show advanced settings" (at the bottom) > Privacy > UNTICK "Send usage statistics to Yandex"
  • Go to Yandex menu > Preferences > Settings tab > click "Show advanced settings" (at the bottom) > Privacy > UNTICK "Send crash reports to Yandex"
  • [Do Not Track] Go to Yandex menu > Preferences > Settings tab > click "Show advanced settings" (at the bottom) > Privacy > UNTICK "Send a 'Do Not Track' request with your browsing traffic"
Brave
  • [Private Browsing] Go to File menu > New Private Tab [or press Command+Shift+P]
  • Go to Brave menu > Preferences… > select 'General' on the left > set 'A new tab shows' to anything other than "Dashboard"
  • Go to Brave menu > Preferences… > select 'Search' on the left > under 'Search Settings > Default' TICK "DuckDuckGo"
  • Go to Brave menu > Preferences… > select 'Search' on the left > under 'Search Bar Options' turn OFF "Autocomplete search term as you type"
  • Go to Brave menu > Preferences… > select 'Security' on the left > under 'Do Not Track' turn ON "Send a 'Do Not Track' header with browsing requests" (restart the browser if necessary)
  • Go to Brave menu > Preferences… > select 'Shields' on the left > set 'Ad Control' to "Block Ads"
  • Go to Brave menu > Preferences… > select 'Shields' on the left > set 'Cookie Control' as required
  • Go to Brave menu > Preferences… > select 'Shields' on the left > turn ON "Fingerprinting Protection (may break some sites)"
  • Go to Brave menu > Preferences… > select 'Advanced' on the left > turn OFF "Send anonymous crash reports to Brave" (restart the browser if necessary)
  • Go to Brave menu > Preferences… > select 'Advanced' on the left > turn OFF "Automatically send usage statistics to Brave"
Vivaldi
  • [Private Browsing] Go to File menu > New Private Window [or press Command+Shift+N]
  • Go to Vivaldi menu > Preferences… > select 'Start Page' on the left > set 'SPEED DIAL' to "Never"
  • Go to Vivaldi menu > Preferences… > select 'Tabs' on the left > set 'New Tab Page' to anything other than "Start Page"
  • Go to Vivaldi menu > Preferences… > select 'Address Bar' on the left > under 'Address Auto-Complete' UNTICK "Enabled"
  • Go to Vivaldi menu > Preferences… > select 'Search' on the left > under 'Search > Allow Search Suggestions' UNTICK "In Address Field" + UNTICK "In Search Field"
  • Go to Vivaldi menu > Preferences… > select 'Search' on the left > under 'Search > Search Engines' set "DuckDuckGo" as the default (hover cursor over DuckDuckGo and click the tick icon that appears to the right)
  • Go to Vivaldi menu > Preferences… > select 'Search' on the left > under 'Privacy' set as required e.g.
    • Third Party Services > UNTICK "Search Suggestions in Address Field"
    • Third Party Services > UNTICK "Search Suggestions in Search Field"
    • [Do Not Track] Do Not Track > TICK "Ask Websites Not to Track Me"
tenFOUR Fox
  • TO BE CONFIRMED

Listening / Voice Recognition Products

Seriously consider whether you want to use products that listen/have voice recognition:
  • Amazon Echo (Show/Dot/Look/Tap/Fire TV) / Alexa - additional products using Alexa technology:
    • Logitech
    • GGMM
    • GUESS
    • Sonos
    • Nucleus
    • Martian Watches
    • Jam
    • DOSS
  • Apple HomePod / Siri
  • Google Home
  • Microsoft Cortana
  • Samsung Bixby
  • Jasper (open source)
  • (Smart) Televisions

Article Keywords: Mac OSX 106 OS X 107 108 109 1010 1011 macOS 1012 Snow Leopard Lion Mountain Mavericks Yosemite ElCapitan El Capitan Sierra operating system privacy settings blocking secret network connections phone phoning home mothership checks

This article is © MacStrategy » a trading name of Burning Helix. Apple, the Apple logo, and Mac are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. App Store is a service mark of Apple Inc.


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